The Sealion Opening
by John Dodds
of the first three years play in the northern triangle shows that England
invariably allies with France or Germany to attack the other.
In very few cases do France and Germany band together to invade England.
The reason for this is clear; England's defensive position is very strong
and whilst she often has problems expanding, the island fortress can be easily
defended. It takes a number of
years and considerable resources for her continental neighbours to defeat her.
is an effective opening which will serve as a prelude to a full scale assault on
England. It was named The Sealion
after Hitler's unsuccessful plan to invade England in 1940.
The first documentation of this opening appeared in Richard Hucknall's
Fall of Eagles No. 25 in November 1978 and it is this that I have primarily used
as my source.
key to the whole plan is co-operation with Russia.
The Russian player must be persuaded to open with A(Mos)-StP.
This move is crucial and should it not take place then the opening is
best abandoned before Autumn 1901. However,
Germany can use the threat of a stand-off over Sweden to persuade Russia to make
this move. Germany and France need
to work in close harmony and absolute trust is a vital ingredient for success.
opening moves for these three countries should be:
A(Par)-Pic; F(Bre)-ENG; A(Mar)-Spa/Gas/Std.
A(Mun)-Ruh; F(Kie)-Den; A(Ber)-Kie
is important that neither France or Germany should move to Burgundy as this will
cause friction between them resulting in units being unprofitably used in the
Autumn to defend home centres. The
Autumn 1901 moves should be:
A(Pic)-Bel; F(Bre)-ENG [if stood out in the Spring] or F(Bre) S GERMAN
F(Den)-NTH. The other unit can pick
up Spa or Por unless it is needed to defend Mar from the Italians.
F(Den)-NTH; A(Kie)-Den; A(Ruh)-Hol
these moves England will be in one of two positions:
He will remain on three units; or
He will have taken Nwy with F(NWG) S F(NTH)-Nwy gaining a single build,
but France will have a F(ENG) and Germany a F(NTH) and both countries will have
the opportunity to convoy in S02. In
addition Russia will have A(StP) and F(Swe) with which to threaten Nwy.
the situation is (a) then it is probable that England will occupy NTH preventing
Germany from building F(Kie) and also ENG may be neutral, preventing Franc from
building F(Bre). This is probably
England's best defence to the Sealion and so if a stand-off occurs over ENG in
Spring 1901, France may be advised to move F(Bre)-Pic in A01 to open up Brest
for a fleet build. Germany and
France will then have a clear naval advantage.
the situation be (b) then France should build F(Bre), Germany F(Kie) and the
stage is set to destroy England in 1902/03.
fair division of the contested supply centres would appear to be Bel/Lpl/Por and
Spa for France, Lon/Edi/Den/Hol for Germany and Nwy & Swe for Russia.
Although Russia appears to get a rough deal from this, gaining only half
as many centres as both France and Germany, he will have secured a solid
Scandinavian base which will make his northern front safe from attack.
This opening was played in the Tinamou Wezand (78GU) which was won by
Perspiring Dreams No. 11 (March 1981)